Our eyes are an important part of our body. They are our main source of information, as we process and interact with the world mainly through visuals. Here is a list of the 9 most common eye problems and how you can deal with them.
Cataracts are a common problem that comes with age. A cataract forms as a thin film that covers the pupil of an eye, this film is a cloudy sometimes opaque tissue. A cataract is serious because it can cause blindness in one or both of the eyes. Fortunately, there are surgeries that can remove cataracts.
Numerous allergies to pollen, dust, pet dander and other allergens can cause problems for the eyes. Millions of people around the world usually experience swelling, redness, itchiness and tearing of the eyes when they are in contact with their allergens. Antihistamines are used to treat allergy problems of the eyes
Dryness of the eyes is caused by infrequent blinking, dehydration or simply staring at something for too long. Dryness of the eyes can cause them to hurt and feel irritated. These problems of dry eyes can also potentially cause headaches. Use artificial eye drops and drink more water to alleviate dry eyes.
Most people have some form of a floater in the eyes. Floaters are tiny pieces of cells and proteins that clump together in the pupil. These can cause tiny dark pieces to float around in our vision. Most people are not bothered by their floaters, but some people have floaters that can obscure their vision. Usually, laser surgery is used to remove eye floaters.
A contagious form of conjunctivitis, pink eye is an infection of the outer portion of the eye. It is called pink eye because the affected eye will become pink from swelling. Usually time and good hygiene and cure and prevent pink eye.
A small infection above or around the eyelid can cause a sty. It is usually a small bump that forms. It is not painful until touched or prodded. Most stys are harmless and can be treated with certain kinds of medical eye drops.
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, affects billions of people around the globe. It is caused when the shape of the eye or cornea cannot bend light properly. People with myopia cannot see effectively very far. Wearing corrective eyewear is the usual solution, although people with more extreme cases opt for laser surgery.
Astigmatism is another condition caused by the improper shape of an eye’s lenses. Astigmatism causes blurred vision with affected people. Astigmatism is known to cause headaches and migraines. Corrective eyeglasses are also another option to fix astigmatism.
Eye twitching is characterized by involuntary movement of the lower or upper portions around the eye. This movement is usually caused by stress and other kinds of eye strain related problems. Usually, to fix eye twitching, it is best to rest your eyes for a few minutes.