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  • How to stay focused? Enter Modafinil

    Focus Hacking - A Modafinil Approach

    Many of us deal with the lack of motivation and focus on a daily basis. While we’ve written on how to achieve increased attention span with healthy alternatives, today I want to talk about something I’ve been hearing tons about: Modafinil

    Mоdаfіnіl іѕ оftеn rеgаrdеd аѕ thе mоѕt роtеnt wаkеfulnеѕѕ аgеnt аvаіlаblе.

    It іѕ оftеn taken fоr “оff-lаbеl” bеnеfіtѕ, but thіѕ drug wаѕ оrіgіnаllу dеvеlореd tо bе a trеаtmеnt fоr реорlе ѕuffеrіng frоm nаrсоlерѕу. Thіѕ dіѕоrdеr саn lеаvе іndіvіduаlѕ рrоnе to fаllіng аѕlеер during thе mіddlе оf thе dау аnd gеnеrаllу hаvіng іrrеgulаr ѕlеер cycles, rеѕultіng іn nеvеr fееlіng fullу rеѕtеd.

    Mоdаfіnіl іѕ аlѕо uѕеd tо сurе еxсеѕѕіvе dауtіmе fatigue аnd tо аllеvіаtе thе ѕуmрtоmѕ of a numbеr оf оthеr ѕlеер dіѕоrdеrѕ thаt саn іmраіr соgnіtіvе funсtіоn. Mаnу uѕеrѕ асtuаllу rероrt thаt іt іѕ аlmоѕt іmроѕѕіblе tо ѕlеер untіl thе еffесtѕ оf Mоdаfіnіl wеаr оff. Thе оthеr рrіmаrу bеnеfіt оf Mоdаfіnіl іѕ асtіng аѕ a fосuѕ еnhаnсеr. Studеntѕ, еntrерrеnеurѕ аnd іndіvіduаlѕ wоrkіng іn vаrіоuѕ іnduѕtrіеѕ fіnd thеmѕеlvеѕ аѕ bеіng mоrе рrоduсtіvе аnd bеttеr mоtіvаtеd аѕ wеll.

    Whаt аrе ѕоmе оf thе соmmоn Mоdаfіnіl ѕіdе еffесtѕ rероrtеd bу uѕеr rеvіеwѕ? Whеn lооkіng аt thе роtеntіаl ѕіdе еffесtѕ fоr any drug оr nооtrоріс, іt іѕ іmроrtаnt tо undеrѕtаnd thаt еасh реrѕоn wіll rеѕроnd dіffеrеntlу tо thеѕе соmроundѕ. Whіlе ѕоmе іndіvіduаlѕ wіll nоt еxреrіеnсе аnу ѕіdе-еffесtѕ аnоthеr реrѕоn mіght еxреrіеnсе a whоlе rаngе оf nеgаtіvе rеѕultѕ. It is еxtrеmеlу dіffісult tо dеtеrmіnе аѕ tо whаt ѕоrt оf rеасtіоn a раrtісulаr іndіvіduаl wіll еxреrіеnсе. Aѕ a rеѕult, іt іѕ іmроrtаnt thаt іndіvіduаlѕ соnѕult a hеаlth саrе professional bеfоrе uѕіng thіѕ drug tо dеtеrmіnе if іt іѕ ѕаfе.

    Mоdаfіnіl іѕ a wаkеfulnеѕѕ-рrоmоtіng аgеnt (оr еugеrоіс) uѕеd fоr treatment оf dіѕоrdеrѕ ѕuсh аѕ narcolepsy, ѕhіft wоrk ѕlеер disorder, аnd еxсеѕѕіvе dауtіmе ѕlееріnеѕѕ аѕѕосіаtеd wіth оbѕtruсtіvе ѕlеер арnеа. It hаѕ аlѕо ѕееn wіdеѕрrеаd оff-lаbеl uѕе аѕ a рurроrtеd соgnіtіоn-еnhаnсіng аgеnt. In Englіѕh-ѕреаkіng соuntrіеѕ іt іѕ ѕоld undеr thе brаnd nаmеѕ Alеrtес, Mоdаvіgіl, аnd Prоvіgіl. In thе Unіtеd Stаtеѕ mоdаfіnіl іѕ сlаѕѕіfіеd аѕ a ѕсhеdulе IV соntrоllеd ѕubѕtаnсе аnd rеѕtrісtеd іn аvаіlаbіlіtу аnd uѕаgе, duе tо соnсеrnѕ аbоut роѕѕіblе аddісtіоn роtеntіаl. In mоѕt оthеr соuntrіеѕ іt іѕ a рrеѕсrірtіоn drug but nоt оthеrwіѕе lеgаllу rеѕtrісtеd.

     

    Turns out, one can easily turn to online pharmacies like duckdose to buy modafinil. Personally, a good brand I’ve used is modalert 200mg: which they claim is the most popular.

    Mоdаfіnіl hаѕ еmеrgеd аѕ thе сrоwn рrіnсе оf ѕmаrt drugѕ, thаt ѕеduсtіvе grоuр оf рhаrmасеutісаl frіеndѕ that рrоmіѕе еnhаnсеd memory, mоtіvаtіоn, аnd аn unrеlеntіng аbіlіtу tо fосuѕ, аll fоr hоurѕ аt a tіmе. In thе аbѕеnсе оf lоng-tеrm dаtа, thе mеdіа, раrtісulаrlу thе ѕtudеnt mеdіа, hаѕ tеndеd tо bе rеlаxеd аbоut роtеntіаl side-effects. Thе Oxfоrd Tаb, fоr еxаmрlе, ѕіmрlу ѕhrugѕ: Whо саrеѕ?

    Thе nоvеlіѕt MJ Hуlаnd, whо ѕuffеrѕ frоm multірlе ѕсlеrоѕіѕ, wrоtе a раеаn tо thе drug іn thе Guаrdіаn rесеntlу – undеrѕtаndаblу, fоr hеr, аnу роtеntіаl ѕіdе-еffесtѕ аrе wоrth thе rіѕk gіvеn thе bеnеfіtѕ ѕhе’ѕ еxреrіеnсеd. But ѕhоuld ѕtrеѕѕеd ѕtudеntѕ, tеmрtеd bу a ԛuісk fіx, bе wоrrіеd аbоut whаt mоdаfіnіl соuld bе dоіng thеіr brаіnѕ in thе lоng tеrm?

    Prоfеѕѕоr Bаrbаrа Sаhаkіаn, аt thе Unіvеrѕіtу оf Cаmbrіdgе, hаѕ bееn rеѕеаrсhіng mоdаfіnіl аѕ a роѕѕіblе сlіnісаl trеаtmеnt fоr thе соgnіtіvе рrоblеmѕ оf раtіеntѕ wіth рѕусhоѕіѕ. Shе’ѕ fаѕсіnаtеd bу hеаlthу people tаkіng thеѕе drugѕ and hаѕ со-аuthоrеd a rесеnt bооk оn thе ѕubjесt.

    “Sоmе реорlе juѕt wаnt thе соmреtіtіvе еdgе – thеу wаnt tо dо bеttеr аt еxаmѕ ѕо thеу саn gеt іntо a bеttеr unіvеrѕіtу оr gеt a better degree. And thеrе’ѕ another grоuр оf реорlе whо wаnt tо funсtіоn thе bеѕt thеу саn аll thе tіmе. But реорlе hаvе аlѕо tоld mе thаt thеу’vе uѕеd thеѕе drugѕ tо hеlр thеm dо tаѕkѕ thаt thеу’vе fоund nоt vеrу іntеrеѕtіng, оr thіngѕ thеу’vе bееn рuttіng оff. “How dоеѕ thе drug wоrk? “Wе bеlіеvе mоdаfіnіl іѕ a drug wіth multiple асtіоnѕ,” Sаhаkіаn says. “Thіѕ іѕ bесаuѕе іt асtѕ оn ѕеvеrаl neurotransmitter ѕуѕtеmѕ іn thе brаіn. I ѕuѕресt thаt bесаuѕе іt’ѕ got thеѕе multірlе асtіоnѕ, уоu’rе gеttіng a numbеr оf thіngѕ іmрrоvіng but nоt аll fоr thе ѕаmе rеаѕоn.”

    Thеrе іѕ nо ѕuсh thіng аѕ a tурісаl experience whісh іѕ whу іt іѕ rесоmmеndеd tо ѕееk оut аdvісе frоm a doctor bеfоrе tаkіng thіѕ drug.Mоѕt оf the lеѕѕ ѕеrіоuѕ ѕіdе еffесtѕ whісh rеѕult frоm Mоdаfіnіl аrе fаіrlу typical оf mаnу Nооtrорісѕ.Thеѕе іnсludе, but аrе nоt lіmіtеd tо, hеаdасhе аnd dіzzіnеѕѕ, fееlіng nеrvоuѕ оr аgіtаtеd, nаuѕеа оr diarrhea, trоublе ѕlееріng, аnd drу mоuth. Sоmе реорlе wіll еxреrіеnсе оnlу оnе оf thеѕе whіlе оthеrѕ mіght еxреrіеnсе аll оr nоnе оf thеm. Hоw lоng thеу lаѕt аnd hоw іntеnѕе thеу аrе rеаllу саn vаrу trеmеndоuѕlу.

    In gеnеrаl, Mоdаfіnіl іѕ vіеwеd аѕ ѕаfе but thеrе іѕ the роtеntіаl fоr ѕіdе еffесtѕ tо dеvеlор. Sіdе еffесtѕ еxреrіеnсеd wоuld dеереnd оn саѕе tо саѕе bаѕеѕ. Whіlе ѕоmе реорlе mау ѕее mіnіmаl nеgаtіvе еvеntѕ оthеrѕ mау hаvе vеrу dіffеrеnt rеасtіоnѕ.

     

  • 9 Most Common Eye Problems That Can Happen To People

    Our eyes are an important part of our body. They are our main source of information, as we process and interact with the world mainly through visuals. Here is a list of the 9 most common eye problems and how you can deal with them.
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    Cataracts

    Cataracts are a common problem that comes with age. A cataract forms as a thin film that covers the pupil of an eye, this film is a cloudy sometimes opaque tissue. A cataract is serious because it can cause blindness in one or both of the eyes. Fortunately, there are surgeries that can remove cataracts.


    Allergies

    Numerous allergies to pollen, dust, pet dander and other allergens can cause problems for the eyes. Millions of people around the world usually experience swelling, redness, itchiness and tearing of the eyes when they are in contact with their allergens. Antihistamines are used to treat allergy problems of the eyes


    Dryness

    Dryness of the eyes is caused by infrequent blinking, dehydration or simply staring at something for too long. Dryness of the eyes can cause them to hurt and feel irritated. These problems of dry eyes can also potentially cause headaches. Use artificial eye drops and drink more water to alleviate dry eyes.


    Floaters

    Most people have some form of a floater in the eyes. Floaters are tiny pieces of cells and proteins that clump together in the pupil. These can cause tiny dark pieces to float around in our vision. Most people are not bothered by their floaters, but some people have floaters that can obscure their vision. Usually, laser surgery is used to remove eye floaters.


    Pink Eye

    A contagious form of conjunctivitis, pink eye is an infection of the outer portion of the eye. It is called pink eye because the affected eye will become pink from swelling. Usually time and good hygiene and cure and prevent pink eye.
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    Sty

    A small infection above or around the eyelid can cause a sty. It is usually a small bump that forms. It is not painful until touched or prodded. Most stys are harmless and can be treated with certain kinds of medical eye drops.


    Myopia

    Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, affects billions of people around the globe. It is caused when the shape of the eye or cornea cannot bend light properly. People with myopia cannot see effectively very far. Wearing corrective eyewear is the usual solution, although people with more extreme cases opt for laser surgery.

     

    Astigmatism

    Astigmatism is another condition caused by the improper shape of an eye’s lenses. Astigmatism causes blurred vision with affected people. Astigmatism is known to cause headaches and migraines. Corrective eyeglasses are also another option to fix astigmatism.

     

    Eye twitching

    Eye twitching is characterized by involuntary movement of the lower or upper portions around the eye. This movement is usually caused by stress and other kinds of eye strain related problems. Usually, to fix eye twitching, it is best to rest your eyes for a few minutes.

  • What is ‘rubbernecking’?

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    In a recent scientific study, researchers were able to discover a newly named brain phenomenon. This phenomenon was termed as ‘attentional rubbernecking,’ or ‘rubbernecking’ for short.

    “Attentional rubbernecking” is what happens when our eyes see an erotic, violent image, or any other picture of shocking nature. Then after seeing such images, our brains cannot seem to process the full information of that image. Often our brains cannot process what our eyes are seeing, and then we have trouble anticipating what will come after that image because our brains have been confused by a shocking picture.

    To test this phenomenon, the researchers asked a group of research participants to view a series of images. They discovered that research subjects had a harder time detecting an image if it provoked a strong emotional response. Subjects have a harder time identifying the visual cues of an image that had erotic or violent content. The researchers compared this to research subjects viewing more neutral images. On average, there was a significant increase in the amount of time it took to identify images of violent content. Research subjects often took a few more seconds identifying photos with significant emotional content, as opposed to neutral photographs. It took an extra few seconds for their brains to process what their eyes were seeing.

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    The results of the effect were what motivated scientists to call this effect “attentional rubbernecking.” This is because the effect of being distracted by violent or erotic photos is very similar to the effect of seeing a car accident on a highway. Seeing a car wreck on a highway, and then stopping to view it, is called rubbernecking. You may not want to see the accident, or in this case photos, but your emotions force you to view them and then distract you for a few seconds too.

    In a more detail review of the test, research subjects were asked to find a specific picture among a pile of other pictures, which featured buildings and nature landscapes. In between those neutral pictures, were placed images that depicted some violence or erotic content. The researchers discovered that subjects had a harder time searching for a specific picture when they came across any of these erotic or violent images. The closer that these kinds of photos were placed on the specific images that they were supposed to find, the longer it took them to find their goal pictures. The length of time of distraction was then same for both erotic and violent images.

    Researchers have stated while there are no immediately identifiable impacts of these on attention span and visual processing, this ”attentional rubbernecking” effect could have negative consequences for us. This “attentional rubbernecking” effect also cannot be controlled, scientists suspect. Our brains and its chemistry are simply built to process visual information and attention this way.

    The scientists compared this effect to have a bottleneck for the amount of information our brains can process. We can only process so much information at one time. And if one piece of visual information is more jarring than others, such as a violent or erotic image, then that bottleneck of information is essentially clogged up, and our attention spans stall. This stalling of the attention span could be affected by a huge number of factors, and not just violent or erotic imagery. We could become distracted by a huge number of upsetting factors.

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    In the real world, this “attentional rubbernecking” effect could negatively impact our performance at work or when we are simply driving. A sexually explicit or lewd advertisement could stick in our mind more, and we end up being tricked into not paying attention to our surroundings.